By virtue of the powers vested in the President of the United States of America, Donald Trump, which are duly recognized by the Constitution and laws of the United States of America, as well as the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), 8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq., and section 301 of title 3, United States Code, he issued his first immigration policy through an Executive Order on January 27, 2017. It is a commitment focused on American interests and American national peace and security. The full text of Executive Order 13769 is entitled as PROTECTING THE NATION FROM FOREIGN TERRORIST ENTRY INTO THE UNITED STATES.
Under the travel ban Executive Order, it is noted that visa issuance process plays a significant role in helping detect foreign nationals with terrorist involvement and stopping them from entering the United States. It is ensured that those approved for admission into the USA are not involved in any terrorist acts, its forms and its manifestations, which transcend national boundaries and pose a profound threat to public safety, economy, as well as peace and security.
Among other concerns highlighted in the said immigration policy is categorically stated by President Trump, “Pursuant to section 212(f) of the INA, 8 U.S.C. 1182(f), I hereby proclaim that the entry of more than 50,000 refugees in fiscal year 2017 would be detrimental to the interests of the United States, and thus suspend any such entry until such time as I determine that additional admissions would be in the national interest.”
To further address the escalation of acts of terrorism its forms and manifestations which have been identified by six Muslim countries: Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen and replace the previous travel ban Executive Order which has been the subject of legal proceedings, he then again issued another immigration order on March 6, 2017. The full text of the immigration order is found here.
“In light of the conditions in these six countries, until the assessment of current screening and vetting procedures required by section 2 of this order is completed, the risk of erroneously permitting entry of a national of one of these countries who intends to commit terrorist acts or otherwise harm the national security of the United States is unacceptably high. Accordingly, while that assessment is ongoing, I am imposing a temporary pause on the entry of nationals from Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen, subject to categorical exceptions and case-by-case waivers, as described in section 3 of this order,” President Trump.
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Stressing the need to strengthen cooperation among government agencies, including heads of all other relevant executive departments and agencies (as identified by the Secretary of Homeland Security) involved to prevent, combat and totally eliminate terrorism proliferating in the USA, as unjustifiable criminal acts and direct violations of basic right, President Trump exercised his power in issuing a Memorandum for the Secretary of State, the Attorney General, the Secretary of Homeland Security on March 6, 2017.
It is embodied in the said travel ban implementing order that they practically implement immediate heightened screening and vetting of protocols and procedures for granting visas and other immigration benefits.
It is further ordered that those primarily responsible for enhancing the immigration visa protocols and procedures need to ensure enforcement of all laws for entry into the United States rigorously and consistently.
To further address the underlying causes which give rise to acts of terrorism within the American regions with strict immigration entry polices, increased transparency among departments and agencies of the Federal Government regarding the efficiency and effectiveness of the immigration programs for the American People is needed. For more details about the Memorandum Order, read the Press Release issued by the Office of the Secretary of State, White House on March 6, 2017.
“Moreover, because it is my constitutional duty to “take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed,” the executive branch is committed to ensuring that all laws related to entry into the United States are enforced rigorously and consistently,” quipped by President Trump.